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《光明日报》|游旭群: 培养“经师”“人师”相统一的好老师

BUMEN: DANGWEIXUANCHUANBU   FABUSHIJIAN: 2021-09-10  LIULAN: CI

【字体:

PEIYANGSHENMEREN、ZENYANGPEIYANGREN、WEISHEIPEIYANGRENSHIJIAOYUYAOHUIDADEGENBENWENTI。LIDESHURENDEGUANJIANZAIJIAOSHI,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIDUIPEIYANGHAOJIAOSHITICHU“SIYOU”BIAOZHUN,JIAOSHIJIAOYUBIXUDANFUQILUOSHIZHEIGEMUBIAODESHENSHENGSHIMING。ZAIDI36GEJIAOSHIJIELAILINZHIJI,JIAOSHIJIAOYUGONGZUOZHEYAOJINYIBUMINGQUEXINSHIDAIDUIJIAOSHIPEIYANGDEXINYAOQIU,SHENKEBAWOJIAOSHIJIAOYUDEFAZHANFANGXIANG、ZHASHIJIANXINGJIAOSHIJIAOYUDESHIDAIZEREN。9YUE10RI,《GUANGMINGRIBAO》ZAIDI13BANJIAOYUBANXIANZHUWEIZHIKANDENGLEYABOTIYUXIAOZHANGYOUXUQUNDESHUMINGWENZHANG,TIWEI“PEIYANG‘JINGSHI’‘RENSHI’XIANGTONGYIDEHAOLAOSHI”。WENZHANGCONG“JIAOSHIJIAOYUDEZHONGYAOSHIMING”“XUESHIZHASHISHIHAOLAOSHIDELISHENZHIBEN”“QINGHUAISHENHOUSHIHAOLAOSHIDELIYEZHIJI”“LINGHUNGAOGUISHIHAOLAOSHIDELIDEZHIYUAN”DENGSIGEFANGMIAN,ZHICHUZUOWEISHIFANDAXUEGENGYAOZHUDONGZUOWEI、JIJIZUOWEI、GANYUZUOWEI,SHENRUTUIJINJIAOYUJIAOXUEGAIGE、NULICHUANGXINRENCAIPEIYANGMOSHI,ZHELIPEIYANG“XUESHIZHASHI、QINGHUAISHENHOU、LINGHUNGAOGUI”DERENCAI,WEIDANGHEGUOJIADEJIAOYUSHIYEFAZHANZUOCHUYINGYOUDEGONGXIAN。

LIANJIE:

原来名称也丢了

QUANWENRUXIA:

XUESHIZHASHI QINGHUAISHENHOU LINGHUNGAOGUI

PEIYANG“JINGSHI”“RENSHI”XIANGTONGYIDEHAOLAOSHI

雅博体育ZUOZHE: YOUXUQUN《GUANGMINGRIBAO》( 2020NIAN09YUE10RI 13BAN)

雅博体育PEIYANGSHENMEREN、ZENYANGPEIYANGREN、WEISHEIPEIYANGRENSHIJIAOYUYAOHUIDADEGENBENWENTI。LIDESHURENDEGUANJIANZAIJIAOSHI,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIDUIPEIYANGHAOJIAOSHITICHU“SIYOU”BIAOZHUN,JIAOSHIJIAOYUBIXUDANFUQILUOSHIZHEIGEMUBIAODESHENSHENGSHIMING。ZAIDI36GEJIAOSHIJIELAILINZHIJI,JIAOSHIJIAOYUGONGZUOZHEYAOJINYIBUMINGQUEXINSHIDAIDUIJIAOSHIPEIYANGDEXINYAOQIU,SHENKEBAWOJIAOSHIJIAOYUDEFAZHANFANGXIANG、ZHASHIJIANXINGJIAOSHIJIAOYUDESHIDAIZEREN。ZUOWEISHIFANDAXUEGENGYAOZHUDONGZUOWEI、JIJIZUOWEI、GANYUZUOWEI,SHENRUTUIJINJIAOYUJIAOXUEGAIGE、NULICHUANGXINRENCAIPEIYANGMOSHI,ZHELIPEIYANG“XUESHIZHASHI、QINGHUAISHENHOU、LINGHUNGAOGUI”DERENCAI,WEIDANGHEGUOJIADEJIAOYUSHIYEFAZHANZUOCHUYINGYOUDEGONGXIAN。

教师教育的重要使命

雅博体育DANGJINSHIJIEZHENGJINGLIBAINIANWEIYOUZHIDABIANJU。YIFANGMIAN,YIRENGONGZHINENG、5G、WULIANWANG、DASHUJUDENGJISHUWEIYINLINGDEDISICIGONGYEGEMINGFANGXINGWEIAI;LINGYIFANGMIAN,YIMEIGUOWEIZHUDAODESHIJIEGEJUZHENGZAIFASHENGSHENKEBIANHUA,TEBIESHIXINGUANFEIYANYIQINGSHIDESHIJIECHAOZHEDUOJIHUAFANGXIANGBUDUANMAIJIN。DUIDAXUEERYAN,ZAINULIPEIYANGCUJINJISHUJINBUHESHEHUIFAZHANDERENCAIDETONGSHI,RUHEQUEBAOJIANSHOURENCAIPEIYANGDEJIAZHIGUANBUBEIXINDESICHAOSUOYINGXIANG,NULIBIMIANJIAOYUDEYIHUA,CHENGWEIBIXUZHENGSHIHEJIEDADEWENTI。

雅博体育MAOZEDONGTONGZHIZAI《ZHONGGUOSHEHUIGEJIEJIDEFENXI》YIWENKAIPIANJIUZHICHU: “SHEISHIYABOTIYUDEDIREN?SHEISHIYABOTIYUDEPENGYOU?ZHEIGEWENTISHIGEMINGDESHOUYAOWENTI。”TONGYANG,SHIPEIYANGZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDEHEGEJIANSHEZHEHEKEKAOJIEBANRENHAISHIPEIYANG“JINGZHIDELIJIZHUYIZHE”HEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDE“JUEMUREN”,SHIJIAOYUDESHOUYAOWENTI,DUIYUDAIBIAOYIGEGUOJIAFAZHANSHUIPINGHEZONGHESHILIDEGAODENGJIAOYUERYANGENGSHIRUCI。DANGDESHIBAYILAI,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIFABIAOLEYIXILIEZHONGYAOJIANGHUA,SHENKELUNSHUHECHANSHILEJIAOYUZAIMINZUZHENXING、SHEHUIJINBUZHONGDEZHONGYAODIWEIHEZHONGYAOGONGXIAN,TICHUDEZHONGYAOSIXIANGWEIJIAOYUDEFAZHAN、TEBIESHIGAODENGJIAOYUDEFAZHANZHIMINGLEQIANJINFANGXIANG,MINGQUELEJIBENYAOQIU,TIGONGLEGENBENZUNXUN。

雅博体育JIAOSHIJIAOYUSHIWOGUOGAODENGJIAOYUDEZHONGYAOZUZHIBUFEN,ZAIWOGUOGAODENGJIAOYUDEFAZHANGEJUZHONGSHIYIZHIBUKEHUSHIDEZHONGYAOLILIANG,JIANFUZHEPEIYANGYOUXIUSHIZIDUIWUDECHONGGAOSHIMINGHELISHIZHONGREN。NENGFOUPEIYANGCHUSHUYIQIANWANJIDE“YOULIXIANGXINNIAN、YOUDAODEQINGCAO、YOUZHASHIXUESHI、YOURENAIZHIXIN”DE“SIYOU”HAOLAOSHI,SHIGUANGAODENGJIAOYUNENGFOUJIANFUQIJIAOYUQIANGGUODEZHONGREN,SHIGUANSHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAQIANGGUOMUBIAONENGFOURUQISHIXIAN,SHIGUANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDAOLUNENGFOUXINGWENZHIYUAN,ERZUOWEIJIAOSHIJIAOYUCHENGDANZHUTIDESHIFANDAXUE,LIYINGSHENRUGUANCHELUOSHIXIJINPINGZONGSHUJIYABOTIYUJIAOYUDEZHONGYAOLUNSHUJINGSHEN,ZHANWENWEIDANGYUREN、WEIGUOYUCAIDEJIANDINGLICHANG,JIANCHIYIJIAOSHIJIAOYUWEIZHUYE,ZAIQIESHIHUIDAHAO“PEIYANGSHENMEREN、ZENYANGPEIYANGREN、WEISHEIPEIYANGREN”ZHEIYIGENBENWENTISHANGGANZAISHICHU、ZOUZAIQIANLIE。

雅博体育DANGJINSHIDAIDEJIBENXIANZHUANG、GAODENGJIAOYUDEFAZHANFANGXIANG、JIAOSHIJIAOYUDEZHONGYAOSHIMINGDUIRENCAIPEIYANGTICHULEXINDEYAOQIU。DUIYUXIBUDIQUDESHIFANLEIGAOXIAOERYAN,DUONIANLAIYIWEIXIBUPEIYANGLEDAPIZHONGXIAOXUEJIAOSHIHEQITAGEXINGGEYEDEYOUXIURENCAI,WEIZUIJIANKUDEDIFANGCHENGQIYIPIANTIANDI,WEIGUOJIAJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANYOUQISHIXIBUDIQUJICHUJIAOYUDEFAZHANZUOCHULEZHONGYAOGONGXIAN。LIZUXINSHIDAI,XIBUSHIFANLEIGAOXIAOYAOCHUANGXINRENCAIPEIYANGMOSHI、TIGAORENCAIPEIYANGZHILIANG,NULILUOSHIPEIYANG“SIYOU”HAOLAOSHIDEYAOQIU,PEIYANGZAOJIU“XUESHIZHASHI、QINGHUAISHENHOU、LINGHUNGAOGUI”“SANWEIYITI”SHIHAOLAOSHI,WEIZHENXINGXIBUJIAOYU、ZHULIJIAOYUQIANGGUOFAHUIYINGYOUZUOYONG。

学识扎实是好老师的立身之本

RENCAIPEIYANGSHIYURENYUCAIXIANGTONGYIDEGUOCHENG,HAOLAOSHIYAOQIUZHENXUEWEN,LIANZHENBENLING,YOUZHENCAISHIXUE。YINGGUOZHUMINGJIAOYUJIANIUMANZAI《DAXUEDELIXIANG》ZHONGZHICHU,DAXUEJIAOYUDEMUDEZAIYUCHUANSHOUPUBIANZHISHI、PEIYANGXUESHENGLIXING。CAIYUANPEIXIANSHENGZAIJIURENBEIJINGDAXUEXIAOZHANGSHIYEZHICHU,DAXUEZHE,YANJIUGAOSHENXUEWENZHEYE。SHENGCHANHECHUANSHOUZHISHISHIDAXUEDEGENBENSHUXING,RENCAIPEIYANGSHIDAXUEDEGENBENZHINENG。YINCI,DAXUEBIXUBAPEIYANGJUYOUZHASHIXUESHIDERENCAIZUOWEISHOUYAORENWU,DUIYUYIPEIYANGJIAOSHIWEIZHUYEDESHIFANDAXUEERYANGENGSHIRUCI。ERPEIYANGZHASHIXUESHIDERENCAIXUYAOTONGSHIJIAOYUYUZHUANYEJIAOYUXIANGJIEHE,FANGZHIPEIYANGDERENCAICHENGWEILIANGSICHENGXIANSHENGSUOSHUODE“YOURENWENMEIYOUJISHUDE‘BIANYUANREN’HUOYOUJISHUMEIYOURENWENDE‘KONGXINREN’”。

雅博体育SHOUXIANYAOJIAQIANGTONGSHIJIAOYU。MEIYIQIXIANSHENGZAI《DAXUEYIJIE》YIWENZHONGZHICHU,TONGHEZHUANYAOJINGTONG,DANZHONGXINZAITONGERBUZAIZHUAN。DAXUEJIAOYUYAOZHONGSHITONGSHIJIAOYU,TONGSHIJIAOYUNENGGOUWEIXUESHENGJIDIANGUANGBOZHISHI、PEIYURENWENJINGSHEN、SUZAOJIANQUANRENGE,CONGERSHIXUESHENGBIANDEGENGYOUCHUANGZAOXING、BAORONGXINGHEXIANGXIANGLI,SHIZHONGBAOCHIDUIZHENSHANMEIDEBUXIEZHUIQIU。TONGSHI,JUYOUPIPANXINGSIWEI,YIDUOYUANSHIJIAOSHENSHIHEKANDAISHIJIE,TONGSHIJIAOYUDEMUDEJIUSHIZHUMINGJIAOYUJIAHUAITEHAISUOSHUODE“JIAOYUDEMUDEZAIYU‘REN’”。QICIYAOQIANGHUAZHUANYEJIAOYU。ZHUANYEJIAOYUSHIPEIYANGZHUANMENRENCAIDEZHUYAOTUJING。ZHUANYEJIAOYUYAOTUCHUTESEHECHAYIXING,BANGZHUXUESHENGQUANMIANLEJIEZUIXINXUESHUQIANYAN,SHULIANZHANGWOXUEKEZHUANYEZHISHI,TONGSHIPEIYANGXUESHENGJIANGZHISHIFUZHUSHIJIANDENENGLIYIJIJIEJUESHIJIWENTIDENENGLI,ZHENZHENGZUODAO“RENWUWOYOU、RENYOUWOYOU、RENYOUWOTE”,RANGXUESHENGZOUSHANGGANGWEIHOU,NENGCHENGWEIYIGEYOUFENGFUZHISHI、GUOYINGBENLINGDEHAOLAOSHI。

情怀深厚是好老师的立业之基

“XIUSHENQIJIAZHIGUOPINGTIANXIA”“WEITIANDILIXIN、WEISHENGMINLIMING、WEIWANGSHENGJIJUEXUE、WEIWANSHIKAITAIPING”“XIANTIANXIAZHIYOUERYOU,HOUTIANXIAZHILEERLE”,ZHEIXIESIXIANGWEIYIDAIYOUYIDAIZHISHIFENZISUOZUNCHONG。YUYOUQINGHUAIZHIREN,XIANYAOYOUYOUQINGHUAIZHISHI。HUIWANGGUOQU,ZHONGHUAMINZUWUQIANNIANDECANLANWENMINGZHISUOYINENGGOULIUCHUANZHIJIN,LIBUKAIYIDAIDAIYOUQINGHUAIDERENRENZHISHIDEJIANSHOUHEGENGXUCHUANCHENG。ZHANWANGWEILAI,SHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXING,GENGJIAXUYAOYIPIYOUYIPIYOUQINGHUAIDERENDEFENGXIANYUFUCHU。YINCI,SHIFANYUANXIAOYAOZHONGSHIDUIRENDEQINGHUAIDEPEIYANG。

SHOUXIANYAOJIANGSHIDAIJINGSHENRONGRUQINGHUAIPEIYANG。RENHEREN、RENHEWEIDADESHIYEDOUZHIGENYUSHIDAIDEHOUTUZHIZHONG。SHIDAIJINGSHENSHIQINGHUAICHANSHENGDE“PEIYANGJI”。GAIGEKAIFANGSISHIDUONIANLAIZHISUOYINENGGOUQUDEJUDACHENGJIU,GUANJIANJIUZAIYUBUDUANGAIGE、BUDUANCHUANGXIN。YAOJIANGGAIGECHUANGXINDESHIDAIJINGSHENRONGRUPEIYANGRENDEQUANGUOCHENG,SHIZHIJUBEIGAIGEDEJINGSHENHECHUANGXINDENENGLI。

QICIYAOJIANGDAXUEJINGSHENRONGRUQINGHUAIPEIYANG。MEIYISUODAXUEDOUSHILISHIDECHANWU,DOUZAILISHIDEJIAOTIGENGDIEZHONGJIDIANZHESHUYUZIJISUOTEYOUDEJINGSHEN,ZHEISHIYISUODAXUESHENGSHENGBUXI、BENTENGXIANGQIANDELILIANGZHIYUAN。RUSHANXISHIFANDAXUE“ZHAGENXIBU,GANYUFENGXIAN,ZHUIQIUZHUOYUE,JIAOYUBAOGUO”DE“XIBUHONGZHUJINGSHEN”JIUSHIZHEISUOXUEXIAODELINGHUN,TAYUANYUXUEXIAODEFAZHANLISHI,RONGHEXUEXIAODEFAZHANXIANSHI,YINLINGXUEXIAOWEILAIDEFAZHAN,PEIYANGYIDAIDAIXIBUJIAOSHIHUAIBAOJIAOYUQIANGGUOZHIXIANG,ZHAGENXIBU,YONGLIXIANG、XINNIANHEQINGHUAIKANGQIXIBUJIAOYUDEDAQI。

灵魂高贵是好老师的立德之源

雅博体育HAFODAXUEJIAOSHOUHARUI·LIUYISIZAI《SHIQULINGHUNDEZHUOYUE》YISHUZHONGDUIHAFODAXUEZAIKECHENGGAIGE、KETANGJIAOXUE、DAODEJIAOYUDENGFANGMIANCHUXIANDEWENTITICHULEPIPING,RENWEIHAFODAXUEDEBENKEJIAOYUZHENGZAIZHUJIANMISHIFANGXIANG,BEILILEHAFOJIAOYUDELINGHUN,MEIYOUHENHAODIBANIANQINGRENPEIYANGCHENGWEIJUYOUSHEHUIZERENGANDEREN,SHIMEIYOULINGHUNDEJIAOYU。DUIYUXINSHIDAIDESHIFANGAOXIAO,YIDINGYAOBUWANGYURENCHUXIN、JIANSHOUSHIFANZHUYE,RANGSHIFANJIAOYUZHENZHENGHUIGUIDAOSUZAOLINGHUN、SUZAOSHENGMING、JIEFANGXINLINGSHANGLAI,WEISUOPEIYUDERENCAI“ZHURU”GAOGUIDELINGHUN,PEIYANGZAOJIUYIPIPIGAOSHANGDEREN,CHUNCUIDEREN,YOUDAODEDEREN,TUOLILEDIJIQUWEIDEREN,YOUYIYUDANG、GUOJIAHERENMINDEREN。

WEICI,YISHIYAOJIAQIANGAIGUOZHUYIJIAOYU。YAOYINDAOXUESHENGSHENRULEJIEZHONGGUOLISHI,TEBIESHIYAOSHENRULEJIEZHONGHUAWUQIANNIANDEHAOHANWENMINGSHI,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGJINBAINIANDEFENDOUSHI,GONGHEGUO70NIANLAIDEFAZHANSHI,GAIGEKAIFANG40DUONIANDESHIJIANSHI,JIFAXUESHENGAIRENMIN、AIGUO、AIDANGDEREQING,SHIDEXUESHENGSHIZHONGJIANCHIGUOJIAZHISHANG、MINZUZHISHANG、RENMINZHISHANGDEYILIGUAN,SHIZHONGXIONGHUAIDAJU、XINYOUDAWO,WEIGUOJIAFUQIANG、MINZUFUXINGGONGXIANLILIANG。

ERSHIYAOJIAQIANGDAODEQINGCAOJIAOYU。DAODEQINGCAOSHIYIGERENZUORENDEJIBENZHUNZEYUGENBENZHUNSHENG,TIXIANZHEYIGERENDEJIAZHIXUANZEYUPINXINGJIANSHOU。QINGNIANSHIQISHIJIAQIANGDAODEQINGCAOJIAOYUSHIFENGUANJIANDESHIQI,ZHENGRUXIJINPINGZONGSHUJISUOZHICHUDE,QINGSHAONIANJIEDUANSHIRENSHENGDE“BAJIEYUNSUIQI”,ZUIXUYAOJINGXINYINDAOHEZAIPEI。YINCI,YAOYINDAOXUESHENGSHULIYUANDALIXIANG,ZHUIQIUGAOSHANGZHIQU,ZIJUEDIYUWUYUZHUYIHEXIANGLEZHUYI,JUBEICHUNLIANGDEPINXINGHEJIANQIANGDEYIZHI。

SANSHIYAOJIAQIANGRENAIJIAOYU。“AI”SHIYIQIEJIAOYUSIXIANGDEHEXIN,YIQIEJIAOYUFANGFADEGENBEN。ZUOYIMINGHAOJIAOSHI,SHOUXIANYAOSHIYIGECHONGMANAIXINDEREN。ZUOWEIJIAOSHI,BUJINGYIJIANDEYIJUGULI、YIGESHIFAN、YICITANTAO、YICIJIAFANG,KENENGJIUHUICUSHIYIGEXUESHENGDERENSHENGGUIJIFASHENGBIANHUA。SUOYI,HAOLAOSHIYAOYOUGAOGUIDELINGHUN,YAOYOUDAAIZHIXIN,YINGGUANAIMEIYIWEIXUESHENG,SHIXUESHENGWEIDIMEI、RUERNV,NULICHENGWEIXUESHENGDELIANGSHIYIYOU。

JIAOYULINIANSHIRENMENZAIBANXUESHIJIANGUOCHENGZHONGJIYUDUIJIAOYUXIANXIANGDELIXINGRENSHIHEDUIRENCAIPEIYANGMUBIAODEKEXUELIJIE,CONGERZAIJIAOYUSHIJIANZHONGXINGCHENGDEJIAOYUSIXIANGGUANNIAN。BAWOXINSHIDAIJIAOSHIJIAOYUDEXINSHIMING,XIBUSHIFANYUANXIAOYAOYI“XUESHIZHASHI、QINGHUAISHENHOU、LINGHUNGAOGUI”SANWEIYITIDERENCAIPEIYANGJIAOYULINIAN,WEIRAORENCAIPEIYANGMUBIAOYOUHUAGEGEKECHENGMOKUAIHEXIANGYINGDEJIAOXUEZUZHIXINGSHI,WEIXIBUJIAOYUSHIYEDEFAZHANPEIYANGGENGDUODEYOUXUESHIYOUQINGHUAIYOULINGHUNDEHAOLAOSHI,WEIXIBUDAKAIFAZUOCHUXINDEGONGXIAN。

(作者: 游旭群,系陕西师范大学校长)

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